Membership and Regional Groups

Lists of States Parties, Signatory States and Non-Signatory States

The Biological Weapons Convention currently has 183 States Parties and four Signatory States. There are 10 States which have neither signed nor ratified the Convention. Further information can be found in the UNODA Disarmament Treaties Database.

For information on ratifying or acceding to the Convention, please click here.

States Parties
  1. Afghanistan
  2. Albania
  3. Algeria
  4. Andorra
  5. Angola
  6. Antigua and Barbuda
  7. Argentina
  8. Armenia
  9. Australia
  10. Austria
  11. Azerbaijan
  12. Bahamas
  13. Bahrain
  14. Bangladesh
  15. Barbados
  16. Belarus
  17. Belgium
  18. Belize
  19. Benin
  20. Bhutan
  21. Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  22. Bosnia-Herzegovina
  23. Botswana
  24. Brazil
  25. Brunei Darussalam
  26. Bulgaria
  27. Burkina Faso
  28. Burundi
  29. Cambodia
  30. Cameroon
  31. Canada
  32. Cape Verde
  33. Central African Republic
  34. Chile
  35. China
  36. Colombia
  37. Congo
  38. Cook Islands
  39. Costa Rica
  40. Côte d’Ivoire
  41. Croatia
  42. Cuba
  43. Cyprus
  44. Czech Republic
  45. Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
  46. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  1. Denmark
  2. Dominica
  3. Dominican Republic
  4. Ecuador
  5. El Salvador
  6. Equatorial Guinea
  7. Estonia
  8. Eswatini
  9. Ethiopia
  10. Fiji
  11. Finland
  12. France
  13. Gabon
  14. Gambia
  15. Georgia
  16. Germany
  17. Ghana
  18. Greece
  19. Grenada
  20. Guatemala
  21. Guinea
  22. Guinea-Bissau
  23. Guyana
  24. Holy See
  25. Honduras
  26. Hungary
  27. Iceland
  28. India
  29. Indonesia
  30. Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  31. Iraq
  32. Ireland
  33. Italy
  34. Jamaica
  35. Japan
  36. Jordan
  37. Kazakhstan
  38. Kenya
  39. Kuwait
  40. Kyrgyzstan
  41. Lao People’s Democratic Republic
  42. Latvia
  43. Lebanon
  44. Lesotho
  45. Liberia
  46. Libya
  1. Liechtenstein
  2. Lithuania
  3. Luxembourg
  4. Madagascar
  5. Malawi
  6. Malaysia
  7. Maldives
  8. Mali
  9. Malta
  10. Marshall Islands
  11. Mauritania
  12. Mauritius
  13. Mexico
  14. Monaco
  15. Mongolia
  16. Montenegro
  17. Morocco
  18. Mozambique
  19. Myanmar
  20. Nauru
  21. Nepal
  22. Netherlands
  23. New Zealand
  24. Nicaragua
  25. Niger
  26. Nigeria
  27. Niue
  28. North Macedonia
  29. Norway
  30. Oman
  31. Pakistan
  32. Palau
  33. Panama
  34. Papua New Guinea
  35. Paraguay
  36. Peru
  37. Philippines
  38. Poland
  39. Portugal
  40. Qatar
  41. Republic of Korea
  42. Republic of Moldova
  43. Romania
  44. Russian Federation
  45. Rwanda
  46. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  1. Saint Lucia
  2. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  3. Samoa
  4. San Marino
  5. Sao Tome and Principe
  6. Saudi Arabia
  7. Senegal
  8. Serbia
  9. Seychelles
  10. Sierra Leone
  11. Singapore
  12. Slovakia
  13. Slovenia
  14. Solomon Islands
  15. South Africa
  16. Spain
  17. Sri Lanka
  18. State of Palestine
  19. Sudan
  20. Suriname
  21. Sweden
  22. Switzerland
  23. Tajikistan
  24. Thailand
  25. Timor-Leste
  26. Togo
  27. Tonga
  28. Trinidad and Tobago
  29. Tunisia
  30. Turkey
  31. Turkmenistan
  32. Uganda
  33. Ukraine
  34. United Arab Emirates
  35. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  36. United Republic of Tanzania
  37. United States of America
  38. Uruguay
  39. Uzbekistan
  40. Vanuatu
  41. Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  42. Viet Nam
  43. Yemen
  44. Zambia
  45. Zimbabwe

Signatory States (deposit of instrument of ratification still required)
  1. Egypt
  2. Haiti
  3. Somalia
  4. Syrian Arab Republic

Non-Signatory States (deposit of instrument of accession or succession still required)
  1. Chad
  2. Comoros
  3. Djibouti
  4. Eritrea
  5. Israel
  1. Kiribati
  2. Micronesia (Federated States of)
  3. Namibia
  4. South Sudan
  5. Tuvalu

Regional Groups

Similar to many other international instruments and organizations, the States Parties to the Biological Weapons Convention have organized themselves into three groups to facilitate their preparations and discussions. The groups include the Eastern European Group (EEG), the Group of the Non-Aligned Movement and Other States (NAM), and the Western Group (WG).

The membership of these groups differs from those found in other forums, despite the similar names. For example, the Western Group of the BWC has a different membership from the Western European and Others Group (WEOG) of the General Assembly, and the group of NAM and Other States in the BWC includes China, which is not a member of the Non-Aligned Movement or similar groups in other forums. Each group has a coordinator who speaks on behalf of the group and is responsible for organizing and chairing the meetings of that group.

The current coordinators and members of each group are listed below:

Eastern European Group (EEG)

Coordinator: North Macedonia

Membership:

  1. Albania
  2. Armenia
  3. Belarus
  4. Bosnia-Herzegovina
  5. Bulgaria
  6. Croatia
  7. Czech Republic
  1. Estonia
  2. Georgia
  3. Hungary
  4. Kazakhstan
  5. Kyrgyzstan
  6. Latvia
  7. Lithuania
  1. Montenegro
  2. North Macedonia
  3. Poland
  4. Republic of Moldova
  5. Romania
  6. Russian Federation
  7. Serbia
  1. Slovakia
  2. Slovenia
  3. Tajikistan
  4. Turkmenistan
  5. Ukraine
  6. Uzbekistan
Group of the Non-Aligned Movement and Other States (NAM)

Coordinator: Azerbaijan

Membership:

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Algeria
  3. Angola
  4. Antigua and Barbuda
  5. Azerbaijan
  6. Bahamas
  7. Bahrain
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Barbados
  10. Belize
  11. Benin
  12. Bhutan
  13. Bolivia
  14. Botswana
  15. Brazil
  16. Brunei Darussalam
  17. Burkina Faso
  18. Burundi
  19. Cambodia
  20. Cameroon
  21. Cape Verde
  22. Central African Republic
  23. Chile
  24. China
  25. Colombia
  26. Congo
  27. Cook Islands
  28. Costa Rica
  29. Côte d’ivoire
  30. Cuba
  31. Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
  1. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  2. Dominica
  3. Dominican Republic
  4. Ecuador
  5. El Salvador
  6. Equatorial Guinea
  7. Eswatini
  8. Ethiopia
  9. Fiji
  10. Gabon
  11. Gambia
  12. Ghana
  13. Grenada
  14. Guatemala
  15. Guinea
  16. Guinea-Bissau
  17. Guyana
  18. Honduras
  19. India
  20. Indonesia
  21. Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  22. Iraq
  23. Jamaica
  24. Jordan
  25. Kenya
  26. Kuwait
  27. Lao People’s Democratic Republic
  28. Lebanon
  29. Lesotho
  30. Liberia
  31. Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
  1. Madagascar
  2. Malawi
  3. Malaysia
  4. Maldives
  5. Mali
  6. Marshall Islands
  7. Mauritania
  8. Mauritius
  9. Mexico
  10. Mongolia
  11. Morocco
  12. Mozambique
  13. Myanmar
  14. Nauru
  15. Nepal
  16. Nicaragua
  17. Niger
  18. Nigeria
  19. Niue
  20. Oman
  21. Palau
  22. Palestine
  23. Pakistan
  24. Panama
  25. Papua New Guinea
  26. Paraguay
  27. Peru
  28. Philippines
  29. Qatar
  30. Rwanda
  31. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  1. Saint Lucia
  2. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  3. Samoa
  4. Sao Tome and Principe
  5. Saudi Arabia
  6. Senegal
  7. Seychelles
  8. Sierra Leone
  9. Singapore
  10. Solomon Islands
  11. South Africa
  12. Sri Lanka
  13. Sudan
  14. Suriname
  15. Thailand
  16. Timor Leste
  17. Togo
  18. Tonga
  19. Trinidad and Tobago
  20. Tunisia
  21. Uganda
  22. United Arab Emirates
  23. United Republic of Tanzania
  24. Uruguay
  25. Vanuatu
  26. Venezuela
  27. Viet Nam
  28. Yemen
  29. Zambia
  30. Zimbabwe
Western Group (WG)

Coordinator: Australia

Membership:

  1. Andorra
  2. Argentina
  3. Australia
  4. Austria
  5. Belgium
  6. Canada
  7. Cyprus
  8. Denmark
  1. Finland
  2. France
  3. Germany
  4. Greece
  5. Holy See
  6. Iceland
  7. Ireland
  8. Italy
  1. Japan
  2. Liechtenstein
  3. Luxembourg
  4. Malta
  5. Monaco
  6. Netherlands
  7. New Zealand
  8. Norway
  1. Portugal
  2. Republic of Korea
  3. San Marino
  4. Spain
  5. Sweden
  6. Switzerland
  7. Turkey
  8. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  9. United States of America